A Guide to Internships & Externships in the Cornell MPA Program

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Learning by Doing: A Better Approach to Professional Education

It is one thing to learn important skills in a classroom; it’s quite another to experience them firsthand. Whether you want to learn how nonprofits work with government to implement policy, or how to address agricultural challenges in rural communities, practical application of skills will not only increase your understanding of your field, but will give you the knowledge and experience required to advance your career. 

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At Cornell University, we believe in the power of hands-on learning, which is why we offer a variety of ways to enhance your Master of Public Administration (MPA) degree through tangible, real-world experiences. Keep reading to discover the opportunities offered through the Cornell Jeb E. Brooks School of Public Policy, learn how hands-on learning can bolster your competitiveness on the job market, and hear stories from current MPA students who are preparing themselves for thriving careers through experiential learning.

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Understanding the Value of Experiential Learning

Experiential learning is the process of learning by doing, and, more specifically, learning through reflection on doing. This approach to learning moves beyond the classroom and strives to facilitate a more active and involved way of developing skills.

While the general concept of learning through experience is ancient, as an articulated educational approach, experiential learning is of much more recent. Beginning in the 1970s, David A. Kolb helped to develop the modern theory of experiential learning, drawing heavily on the work of John Dewey, Kurt Lewin, and Jean Piaget. Kolb defines learning as “the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience.” For Kolb, experience is the source from which all learning stems.

A group of people standing in front of a building.

Kolb's experiential learning style theory is typically represented by a four-stage learning cycle:


  1. Concrete Experience: The learner encounters a new experience or situation.
  2. Reflective Observation: The learner reflects on the experience.
  3. Abstract Conceptualization: The reflective observation gives rise to a new idea or modification of an existing concept.
  4. Active Experimentation: The learner then applies their ideas to the world around them and observes the outcomes.

The learning cycle can begin at any one of the four points – and should really be approached as a continuous spiral. When the new ideas are put into action, they become the basis for a new cycle of experiential learning.


How the Cornell Brooks School MPA Promotes Experiential Learning

The MPA degree is a professional degree for students seeking a career in public management and public policy. MPA programs develop the skills and techniques used by managers to implement policies, projects, and programs that resolve important problems within their organization and in society.

The Cornell Brooks School MPA is a two-year graduate program through which we prepare individuals for management and leadership careers in public service. Our MPA offers a solid foundation of core coursework in management, economics and finance, and quantitative analysis.

Direct experience with professional work in public affairs is a key component of our MPA curriculum, serving as a practical complement to formal academic study. Hands-on learning gives students an accurate perception of the kind of work they’ll be involved in post-graduation and provides invaluable experience that students will take into careers that make a tangible difference in people’s lives. 

Our students often say that they’re drawn to the Cornell Brooks School MPA because of the emphasis we place on experiential learning, with hands-on opportunities offered both inside and outside of the classroom. In addition to internship and externship opportunities, as well as numerous courses with experiential learning components, we offer two intensive consulting courses that are client-based. Graduates regularly cite their consulting engagements as key in helping them develop the skill set they need to be successful in their careers.

The ROI of a Master’s in Public Administration

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Opportunities for Real-World Learning at Cornell

In the Cornell Brooks School MPA program, there are several options for fulfilling the Practical Experience requirement for the MPA. Real-world consulting opportunities, internships, off-campus study, and Capstone experiences help you develop the skill set you need to be successful in your future careers.

To fulfill the Practical Experience component of the MPA degree, most students choose to complete an internship in the summer between the first and second year of study, or an externship while enrolled in one of the off-campus semester programs. 

Internships are available both in the United States and abroad in public, private, and nonprofit organizations across the field of public affairs. 

internship data-1

Some of our recent Brooks MPA students have been placed in internships with the following representative organizations:

Accenture International Labour Organization 
Amazon  New York City Office of Management and Budget 
Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future, Cornell University  Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Boston Redevelopment Authority Tata-Cornell Institute for Agriculture and Nutrition, India
Brookings Institute  United Nations Development Programme 
Calvert Investments UNESCO 
Cato Institute  UNICEF
China Development Bank  UN Women
Citibank USAID
Council on Foreign Relations  United States Department of State 
Deloitte Tax, LLP World Bank
Environmental Defense Fund   
International Rescue Committee  


For more information, please visit: https://publicpolicy.cornell.edu/ciw/internships/

Externships and Off-Campus Programs

At the Cornell Brooks School, we offer a graduate education spanning the globe, which enables you to live and work in Albany or Washington D.C. for a semester while enrolled in MPA coursework. Each of these off-campus programs is designed to complement your studies and provide opportunities for networking and exposure to challenging professional environments.

Students who participate in our off-campus semesters receive academic and professional support from faculty, staff, and alumni. In addition, if you plan your schedule strategically, you may be able to extend a semester externship to a six-month commitment by combining an off-campus study semester with a summer internship. Students are also paired with an alumni mentor either working in their organization or in the field they would like to join after graduation. This mentor relationship is a hallmark of our off-campus experience and a key factor in students landing jobs after graduation. 

Our Externship Programs allow you to gain professional experience in various government agencies, private sector firms, or non-government organizations. If you are interested in pursuing this opportunity, you should begin planning this with your academic advisor as early as possible.

Opportunities for off-campus study include Washington D.C. and Albany, NY.

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An Educational Guide for Future Leaders in Public Affairs

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Washington DC Externship Experience

As part of your graduate studies at the Cornell Brooks School, you have the opportunity to spend a semester living, studying, and working in the nation’s capital. While Washington D.C. serves as the heart of the United States federal government, the city is also host to a staggering array of inter-governmental organizations, consulting firms, and nonprofit organizations. 

Through the Cornell in Washington internship semester, students undertake an externship for up to forty hours per week while completing professional development exercises through an intensive externship course. Participants also enroll in a colloquium course featuring alumni speakers.

Representative externship organizations in Washington D.C. include:

UNDP District of Columbia Public Schools
World Bank U.S. Department of State
National Public Radio World Food Programme
White House Domestic Policy Council International Monetary Fund


For more information, please visit: Cornell in Washington

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New York State Capital Semester

Through this program, students are placed in a paid internship with the New York State Legislature, while earning a full semester of credits. Capital Semester students are full-time Assembly or Senate Interns who spend the spring semester living, working, and studying in Albany, a vibrant and student-centered city. Students learn how the New York State Legislature functions through direct experience and formal instruction.

Wherever your policy interests lie — higher education, healthcare, environmental conservation, economic development, or elsewhere — Cornell offers the unique opportunity to help students begin careers in public service, public policy, politics and government.

For more information, please visit: New York State Capital Semester

The Public Exchange Service Experience

Another opportunity for practical experience is the Public Service Exchange. This program represents a unique service-learning partnership with nonprofit and government agencies located primarily in Tompkins County as well as in the greater New York region.

Students may enroll in Consulting for Government and Nonprofit Organizations (PADM 5900) course during their first or second year. Working in small teams, students address a problem, issue, or opportunity for a client using a consultative, or “clinical” approach. The types of activities that students will engage in are consistent with a traditional public sector consulting firm.  

Students gain valuable hands-on experience while partnering with these clients to mitigate or solve public or management problems. Many of these partner agencies and nonprofit organizations end up offering internship or ongoing consulting opportunities to students, as a result of consulting engagements. A representative sampling of previous clients includes:

Cancer Resource Center of the Finger Lakes  Ithaca Department of Public Works 
City of Ithaca Department of Planning and Urban Renewal  Ithaca Public Education Initiative 
City of Ithaca Downtown Partnership  Ithaca Youth Bureau 
Cornell Cooperative Extension of Tompkins County  Mutual Housing Association of Tompkins County 
Cornell United Way  New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA)
Cornell University International Students and Scholars Office  Paleontological Research Institution and its Museum of the Earth 
Cornerstone Family Healthcare Tompkins County Community Foundation
Health and Human Services Coalition of Tompkins County  Tompkins County Office for the Aging 
Ithaca Area Wastewater Treatment Facility Upstate New York Safety Coalition Task Force


Capstone Project

To fulfill the Professional Writing Requirement of the MPA degree, most students participate in the Capstone program, an in-depth, semester-long program designed for second-year MPA students. For each Capstone project, students form consultancy teams that propose relevant and actionable solutions to well-defined policy or management problems posed by client organizations. The experiential learning and teamwork required in each Capstone project will enhance students’ abilities as public affairs professionals and leaders. 

Capstone projects are multidisciplinary and experiential in nature, and students have the opportunity to learn from each other and from faculty and staff resources across the University, as well as from Cornell Brooks School contacts in the field. Over the course of the program, students learn about managing projects and undertaking policy analysis within the constraints of various political environments and organizations. They also gain professional and public service experience and learn to manage a team project. 

A group of students sitting on the grass in front of a building.

We take tremendous pride in the work that students accomplish through the Capstone program each semester. Our partnerships with government and nonprofit organizations result in new programs, strategies, policy assessments, business plans and more; these deliverables are valuable to our clients and improve people’s lives. The projects are also an indispensable component of the Cornell Brooks School MPA curriculum, providing students with important hands-on research and leadership experience. 

Determining the Best Option for You

The type of experiential learning opportunity a student pursues may depend on the concentration of study. At the Cornell Brooks School, we have eight broad concentrations from which to choose.

The goal is for you to leave the Brooks School prepared to compete as one of the best-of-thebest in your respective field, recognizing that in the course of your career, you may make several changes in focus and direction. Our curriculum is designed to balance general management skills with applications to specific areas of public affairs.


Further Augment Your MPA

If you’re interested in giving yourself a competitive edge, Cornell offers complementary and dual degree options along with graduate certificate programs that you can pursue in addition to your MPA.

Complementary and Dual Degree Options

Cornell offers a complementary degree option and a dual degree option for competitive, driven MPA students looking to augment their MPA with an additional degree.

  • Master of Public Health (MPH): Cornell University offers a Master of Public Health (MPH) Program to help build public health leaders who are inspired and trained to ensure the health of people, animals, and the world in which we live.
  • Master of Business Administration (MBA) and Juris Doctor (JD): Applicants who wish to pursue a Cornell MBA or JD along with their MPA degree may work out a complementary program of study if they apply to and are accepted by both programs. Students may then apply up to twelve credits of the complementary professional degree program (MBA or JD) toward their MPA.
  • Master of Public Administration (MPA)/Master of Health Administration (MHA): This dual degree option enables students to complete both degrees in three years while eliminating duplicate coursework. Students must apply and be accepted to both programs. The goal of this program is to enable students to combine training in public administration with training in health administration, health policy, and the tools of public health.
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Graduate Certificate Programs

The Cornell Brooks School offers three graduate certificate programs, which are open to current graduate students in good academic standing. These certificate programs provide you with specific knowledge and tools for working in the respective area of study. The additional credentials that these certificates provide may offer you a competitive edge in your future careers.

For detailed information about the program requirements, you will want to consult our current Program Handbook. For specific information on available courses and how they meet program requirements, please consult the current Course Guide.

Real Stories from the Field


“I was in charge of building the company structure from the ground up. Early on, for example, since California’s legislation on driverless trucks was so restrictive, we had to expand our footprint to another state to develop a driverless fleet facility. I was tasked with locating a new state with lenient legislation for autonomy. It was a rigorous process, but I was able to convince the board and the company to expand into Tucson, Arizona. We effectively doubled the team size over the course of a year. The experience and the lessons I gained from the collaborative Capstone project has certainly helped me a lot throughout the process.”

— Vivian Sun, Cornell Brooks School MPA Alumni


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Career & Professional Development at Cornell

The Office of Career Management provides the tools you need to put your MPA degree to work in the competitive public affairs job market, whether you’re a current student or an alum. Our Career Services Staff will help you assemble an individualized career plan and then provide you with everything you require to succeed, from how to write your resume and cover letter to how to network and conduct yourself during a job interview. We’re committed to your professional development and the advancement of your career.

How are recent graduates faring in the job market? Take a look at our statistics. And for more information, contact the Office of Career Management.


Financing Your Ivy League MPA

Figuring out how to finance an Ivy League education may seem intimidating at first. You may be surprised to learn that Cornell University’s MPA program is actually more affordable than similar programs at other schools. Combined tuition, fees, and overall living expenses for Cornell’s two-year MPA range from $20,000 to $40,000 less than our competitors.

2021-22 Tuition Comparison (horizontal)

Whether or not you receive one of these fellowships, there are other opportunities for funding that students can pursue to offset the cost of graduate school. These opportunities include part-time employment, external scholarships, and federal loan forgiveness. We understand the commitment our students make when choosing to further their education. At Cornell, we want to make getting your MPA as easy as possible.

Admissions to Cornell’s MPA Program

Our Admissions Committee evaluates applicants on the basis of potential for academic success at Cornell, as well as demonstrated commitment to a career in public service. Through our rigorous application process, we look for applicants who will serve as change-makers across the global public, private, and nonprofit sectors — highly capable professionals who think creatively and are passionate about confronting some of the world’s most challenging public policy issues. 

Our MPA requires strong analytical abilities and quantitative skills. While a background in the social sciences is helpful, the breadth of public affairs as a field of study and practice invites interest from an expansive range of professional fields, including the arts, business, engineering, and the natural sciences. 



The Cornell Brooks School MPA program offers rolling admissions. To receive optimum consideration for funding opportunities, however, we encourage you to submit your application by the end of January.

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